14.1 Personal Pronouns (Instrumental Case after Preposition з)
In this module, you will learn instrumental case forms of personal pronouns. You will practice using them after the preposition з (=with), which is a common instrumental case context.
Read the captions below and note how the personal pronouns “I” and “you” change from the nominative to the instrumental case. Note also that the preposition з changes to зі in front of мно́ю because this pronoun form begins with a consonant cluster.
– Я ма́ю нову́ ціка́ву коме́дію. Хо́чеш подиви́тися її́ зі мно́ю?
– Приві́т! Ти ма́єш час? Я хо́чу з тобо́ю поговори́ти.
Select the most appropriate response to each of the questions below.
Caption the images below, paying careful attention to context in making your choice. Note the bolded instrumental case forms of personal pronouns “he,” “she,” and “it”.
Complete the dialogue of two friends discussing a business opportunity using the appropriate pronouns from the bank.
Mark all the personal pronouns that appear in the instrumental case after the preposition з. Note how the plural personal pronouns ми, ви, and вони́ change in the instrumental. Then answer the questions that follow.
Listen to the following questions and choose the most appropriate response to each.
Complete the telephone conversation below using the appropriate pronouns from the bank.
Ukrainian uses з + personal pronoun in the instrumental case in phrases that are rendered in English as “you and I,” “they and you,” etc. These phrases begin with ми if the speaker is included. For example:
ми з тобою – (literally: we with you) you and I/we
ми з ним – (literally: we with him) he and I/we
ми з ними – (literally: we with them) they and I/we
Note that ми in these phrases can refer either to one person (the speaker) or to more than one person (the speaker + others). The context usually makes it clear who is meant by ми. Such phrases begin with ви if the speaker is not included:
ви з нею – (literally: you with her) she and you
ви з ними – (literally: you with them) they and you
Once again, note that ви in these phrases can refer to one person or more than one person, with the context clarifying who exactly is meant.
Mark all of the “you and I” type phrases (as described in the box above) in the following dialogue. Then answer the questions that follow.
Listen to the following statements and choose the most appropriate continuation to each.
Look through the activities you have just completed and choose the correct statements below to summarize what you have learned.
А тепе́р тест!
Complete the dialogue below by providing the appropriate personal pronouns based on context.