21.3 Present Tense of Verbs (Other First Conjugation Verbs)

view from above of hands holding teacup with a plate of croissants nearby

21.3 Present Tense of Verbs (Other First Conjugation Verbs)

In this module, you will learn the present-tense endings of several very common verbs that belong to the first conjugation, but deviate in different ways from the чита́ти and the працюва́ти types.

Завдання 1

Mark all of the forms of the verb “to drink” in the dialogue below.  Then answer the questions that follow.

Завдання 2

Select the most appropriate response to each of the questions you will hear below.

Завдання 3

Read the short texts below and note the bolded forms of the verb “to live”. Then answer the questions that follow.

street scene– Де ти живе́ш?
– Я живу́ в гурто́житку. Там непога́но. А ти?
– Моя́ близька́ по́друга живе́ у кварти́рі бі́ля університе́ту. Там є одна́ ві́льна кімна́та. Я ду́маю жи́ти там.
downtown KyivМи живе́мо в Ки́єві. Жи́ти у вели́кому мі́сті – це кла́сно! А на́ші батьки́ живу́ть в селі́ бі́ля Ки́єва. Там тако́ж ціка́во. А де Ви живе́те?

Завдання 4

Indicate whether the statements that you hear below are logical or nonsensical.

Завдання 5

Mark all of the verbs in the dialogue below.  Then answer the questions that follow.

Важливо!

Unlike the verbs of the чита́ти and працюва́ти types, the verbs жи́ти and писа́ти represent the pattern of hard-vowel endings in the first conjugation. The two patterns, however, are very similar. Compare:

 чита́типиса́ти
ячита́юпишу́
ти чита́єшпи́шеш
він/вона/воно чита́єпи́ше
ми чита́ємопи́шемо
ви чита́єтепи́шете
вони чита́ютьпи́шуть

Phonetically, ю = й + у and є = й + е, so one can think of these patterns as being the same, with the addition of the “й” sound in the soft-vowel pattern.

Many more verbs belong to the чита́ти type. The ones that take the hard-vowel endings of the first conjugation are best memorized. For now, remember these three common ones:

жи́ти (to live)
писа́ти (to write)
каза́ти (to say)

Завдання 6

Complete the unfinished sentences that you hear below.

Завдання 7

Place the lines below the image in the correct order to reconstruct the dialogue. Then answer the questions that follow.

Завдання 8

Complete the text below.

downtown Cracow

Мо́вний пазл

Look through the activities you have just completed and choose the correct statements below to summarize what you have learned.

А тепе́р тест!

Complete the conversation below by selecting the appropriate verbs from the bank and changing their forms as needed to fit the given context. You will need to use the verb казати twice.

Images courtesy of Mariana Medvedeva, Oleksandra Wallo, Nick Grapsy, Alexis Brown, and Ostap Senyuk.