9.4 Instrumental Case (Use of зі and із)
In this module, you will learn when Ukrainian tends to substitute the preposition з with its variants зі and із and will practice distinguishing between two common meanings of the preposition з in food phrases.
Look at the pictures and the captions below. Note how the preposition з changes to зі.
борщ зі смета́ною
яє́чня зі шпина́том
розмо́ва зі знайо́мою
When the noun after з begins with c, з, or ш and an additional consonant, the vowel і is added to help break up a cluster of consonants that would otherwise be very hard to pronounce.
Listen to the audio file below and then indicate whether preposition з or its variant зі is used in the sentence. Then indicate whether the sentence is about food or not.
Choose the best description to caption the images below.
Besides зі, preposition з has another variant із. The rules for using it are not as hard and fast as for зі, but it is often used when the preceding word ends with a consonant or a consonant cluster and the word after it begins with a consonant or a consonant cluster.
For example: студе́нт із президе́нтом
Complete the text below by providing the missing prepositions.
Indicate whether the statements below are true (пра́вда) or false (непра́вда).
Look at the pictures and their captions in the Model. Note that the first preposition з/зі/із in each phrase means “out of” (+ Gen.) while the second preposition з/зі/із means “with” (+ Instr.) To distinguish between the two meanings of this preposition in phrases about food, pay attention to the case endings!
шашли́к зі свини́ни* з овоча́ми
*свини́на = pork
сала́т з огіркі́в зі смета́ною
For each item below, indicate whether it is made out of the food following the preposition з or served with this food.
Listen to menu items below and indicate whether it is a fairly typical dish or a highly unusual one.
Listen to the questions below and then choose the most appropriate answer from the pull-down menus below. Case endings in the questions and answers will help you make the right choice.
Look through the activities you have just completed and choose the correct statements below to summarize what you have learned.
А тепе́р тест!
Complete the text below paying careful attention to context and to what you have learned about the use of instrumental case.