10.1 Instrumental Case after Verbs
In this module, you will begin to explore how instrumental case is used with certain verbs to express the instrument or means by which something is done.
Look at the two contrasting pairs of sentences in the model below. Note the difference between the use of the instrumental case with the preposition з to say “with (a person)” and without a preposition to say “by (means of something).”
Я люблю́ подорожува́ти з по́другою. = “I love to travel with my friend”.
Я люблю́ подорожува́ти маши́ною. = “I love to travel by car”.
Марі́я ча́сто літає з та́том. = “Maria often flies with her father”.
Марі́я не лю́бить літа́ти літако́м. = “Maria does not like to travel/fly by airplane”.
Complete the sentences below paying careful attention to context and to what you have learned about the use of instrumental case thus far. The presence or absence of the proposition з, as well as the meaning of the sentence, should guide your choice.
Look at the model below and note how the instrumental case ending can help you distinguish the object/goal of an action from the instrument performing that action.
писа́ти екза́мен ру́чкою = “to write an exam with (by means of) a pen”
ї́хати трамва́єм до теа́тру = “to go the the theater by (means of) a tram”
Complete the sentences below paying careful attention to context and to what you have learned about the use of the instrumental case thus far.
Indicate all of the words in instrumental case in the text below. Then answer the question that follows.
Place the elements below in order to reconstruct an interview with a college student. The first question has been provided to get you started. Pay careful attention to context to establish the order of the questions.
Listen to the audio below and decide whether each sentence most likely describes Олекса́ндр or І́гор based upon the time periods in which they live(d).
|Олекса́ндр (1875-1944)||І́гор (1981- )|
Look through the activities you have just completed and choose the correct statements below to summarize what you have learned.
А тепе́р тест!
Complete the questions below by providing the missing elements; in those cases where no word is needed, choose the dash. Then indicate the most logical answers to the questions that you create.