1.3 Gender of Nouns (Neuter)

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1.3 Gender of Nouns (Neuter)

In this module, you will become familiar with the common endings for neuter nouns and learn to distinguish between feminine and neuter nouns that end with –я.  You will also learn the Ukrainian equivalent for pronoun “it,” as well as neuter forms of “one,” “my,” “your,” and “what kind/which.”

Завда́ння 1

Look at the photo captions and note another form of numeral “one” that is used with the nouns of the neuter gender. Note also the two typical endings of neuter nouns.

cakeоди́н торт одна́ бу́лочка ice creamодне́ моро́зиво jelloодне́ желе́

Indicate the best order for each person based on their dietary preferences and restrictions.

Завда́ння 2

Erica wants to see as much of the world as she can. She is asking about three countries which she has never visited. Note how both words in her question “What is it like?” change depending on the grammatical gender of the country she asks about.

Іра́к
Який він?
Австра́лія
Яка́ вона́?
Мона́ко
Яке́ воно́?

Select the appropriate question to ask about the given geographical location.  Then answer the question that follows.

Завда́ння 3

Listen to the six responses below and create questions that would elicit those responses. Pay careful attention to the gender of the pronoun in the response.  Then answer the question that follows.

Ціка́во!

While most neuter nouns end in –о or –е, there are some neuter nouns that have different endings. Most of these are foreign borrowings. Remember these common ones:

меню́
інтерв’ю́
шо́у
хо́бі

Remember also the non-foreign, but exceptional noun ім’я́ (name) which is also neuter, despite the ending –я. By contrast, the similar-sounding noun сім’я́ (family) follows the general pattern of Ukrainian gender endings and is feminine.

Завда́ння 4

Read the short text about Dmytro below and note the neuter form of the pronoun “my” that precedes neuter nouns.

Приві́т!
Моє́ ім’я́ – Дмитро́.
Моє́ прі́звище – Данилю́к.
Моя́ націона́льність – украї́нець.
Моя́ профе́сія – вчи́тель.
Моє́ хо́бі – волейбо́л.

Answer the question about the text above.

Dmytro is showing you some photos. Complete the activity below to prepare follow-up questions.

Завда́ння 5

Complete the description of the room below. Pay careful attention to context in making your choices.

Цікаво!

Besides ім’я́, some other neuter nouns in Ukrainian end in –я. Fortunately, there are ways to easily tell them apart from feminine nouns that end in –я.

The first category are babies—human or animal. Remember these most common ones:

дитя́ (baby)
цуценя́ (puppy)
котеня́ (kitten)

The second category are (mostly) abstract notions that end in same double consonant + я. There are many of them, but these are the most frequently used ones:

життя́ (life)
захо́плення (passion)
поба́чення (date)
заня́ття (lesson/class)
завда́ння (task)
дослі́дження (research)
воло́сся (hair)

Завда́ння 6

Choose the best word (both logically and grammatically) to complete each question you hear below.

Завда́ння 7

Your new Ukrainian friend is showing you some pictures. Read what he says below and mark all words that are neuter (nouns, pronouns, and numerals).

Review the text and indicate whether the following statements are true (пра́вда)or false (непра́вда).

Мо́вний пазл

Look through the activities you have just completed and choose the correct statements below to summarize what you have learned.

А тепе́р тест!

Complete the short dialogs below.

Images courtesy of Oleksandra Wallo, Алексей Шулик, mp1746, enwebb, Marco Verch, Addicted04, TUBS, TUBS.