30.2: Using Adverbs
In this module, you will learn how to use deadjectival adverbs in different types of sentences and where to place them in a sentence.
Read the captions below and pay attention to the bolded words. Then answer the questions that follow.
Deadjectival adverbs usually come right before the words they modify, whether those words are verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. However, when a deadjectival adverb modifies a verb, the adverb can appear after the verb for special emphasis, as in the second dialogue above:
Вони́ розмовля́ли ду́же ти́хо, і я нічо́го не почу́в.
(They spoke very softly, so I didn’t hear anything.)
This often happens in imperative sentences that emphasize how the action should be performed. In such instances, the adverb can be placed last in the sentence for special emphasis:
Не їдь так шви́дко! (Don’t drive so fast!)
Select the question that would have elicited the response that you hear.
Complete the short exchanges below with the most appropriate words from the bank. Think about where the logical emphasis should be in determining the correct word order.
Examine the captions below and answer the questions that follow.
Зима́. Сніг. Хо́лодно.
Лі́то! Сього́дні со́нячно і га́ряче.
When used without verbs, deadjectival adverbs denote states or conditions in so-called impersonal sentences (equivalent to the English “it’s …”). Such sentences can consist of as little as a single adverb:
Га́ряче! (It’s hot [here]!)
Тут ну́дно. (It’s boring here.)
To express a past state or condition, the neuter past-tense form of the verb бу́ти is added to an adverb (see module 24.1 for more examples of this structure):
– Як твої́ кані́кули? – Було́ ціка́во! (It was interesting!)
To express a future state or condition, the future-tense воно́ form of the verb бу́ти is added to an adverb:
Їдь з на́ми на мо́ре! Бу́де ве́село! (It will be fun!)
Complete the short texts below by providing the most likely follow-up sentence.
Mark all deadjectival adverbs in the conversation below. Then answer the questions that follow.
When states or conditions are expressed by means of adverbs, one can also specify who is in this state or condition. The dative case is used for this person/animal:
Нам було́ ду́же ціка́во. (Literally: To us [it] was very interesting.)
Ма́мі хо́лодно. (Literally: To Mom [it is] cold.)
Мені́ га́ряче. (Literally: To me [it is] hot.)
You will hear six statements. Select the person/animal most likely to experience the state or condition mentioned.
Look through the activities you have just completed and choose the correct statements below to summarize what you have learned.
А тепер тест!
Fill in the blanks in the dialogue below with the most appropriate words from the bank.